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Boto3, the next version of Boto, is now stable and recommended for general use. It can be used side-by-side with Boto in the same project, so it is easy to start using Boto3 in your existing projects as well as new projects. Going forward, API updates and all new feature work will be focused on Boto3.

For more information, see the documentation for boto3.

EC2 Security Groups

Amazon defines a security group as:

“A security group is a named collection of access rules. These access rules
specify which ingress, i.e. incoming, network traffic should be delivered to your instance.”

To get a listing of all currently defined security groups:

>>> rs = conn.get_all_security_groups()
>>> print rs
[SecurityGroup:appserver, SecurityGroup:default, SecurityGroup:vnc, SecurityGroup:webserver]

Each security group can have an arbitrary number of rules which represent different network ports which are being enabled. To find the rules for a particular security group, use the rules attribute:

>>> sg = rs[1]
>>> sg.rules

In addition to listing the available security groups you can also create a new security group. I’ll follow through the “Three Tier Web Service” example included in the EC2 Developer’s Guide for an example of how to create security groups and add rules to them.

First, let’s create a group for our Apache web servers that allows HTTP access to the world:

>>> web = conn.create_security_group('apache', 'Our Apache Group')
>>> web
>>> web.authorize('tcp', 80, 80, '')

The first argument is the ip protocol which can be one of; tcp, udp or icmp. The second argument is the FromPort or the beginning port in the range, the third argument is the ToPort or the ending port in the range and the last argument is the CIDR IP range to authorize access to.

Next we create another group for the app servers:

>>> app = conn.create_security_group('appserver', 'The application tier')

We then want to grant access between the web server group and the app server group. So, rather than specifying an IP address as we did in the last example, this time we will specify another SecurityGroup object.:

>>> app.authorize(src_group=web)

Now, to verify that the web group now has access to the app servers, we want to temporarily allow SSH access to the web servers from our computer. Let’s say that our IP address is as it is in the EC2 Developer Guide. To enable that access:

>>> web.authorize(ip_protocol='tcp', from_port=22, to_port=22, cidr_ip='')

Now that this access is authorized, we could ssh into an instance running in the web group and then try to telnet to specific ports on servers in the appserver group, as shown in the EC2 Developer’s Guide. When this testing is complete, we would want to revoke SSH access to the web server group, like this:

>>> web.rules
>>> web.revoke('tcp', 22, 22, cidr_ip='')
>>> web.rules